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introduction to Cpp 3

Introduction to C++ Programming

As the name suggest, C++ is a programming language based on C with some added features (represented by ++) which makes possible the creation of comparatively efficient programs. C++ programming inherits all the good features of C by filtering out some of the limitations of C. In addition, C++ programming also possesses some extremely new unique concepts which were not at all present in C. However, since C++ is based on C, it is extremely important to have a thorough knowledge of C. However, by chance you are not thorough with C Programming then you are strictly recommended to have...

Introduction to Inheritance 0

Introduction to Inheritance in C++

Let me introduce you to the concept of Inheritance in C++. Reusability is yet another important feature of C++. It is always nice if we could reuse something that already exists rather than trying to create the same all over again. It would not only save the time and money but also reduce frustration and increase readability. For instance, the reuse of a class that has already been tested, debugged and used many time can save us the effort of developing and testing the same again. Fortunately, C++ strongly supports the concept of reusability.The C++ classes can be reused in...


Pointers to functions in Cpp 2

Pointers to functions in C++

In C++, just as we can have pointers to variables, we can have pointers to functions as well. The general syntax of a pointers to a functions is: return-type (*pointer-name) (list of parameter); For example:

In the above declaration, a pointer to a function returns void and takes the two formal arguments of float and int types respectively. After declaring a pointer to a function, the address of the function must be assigned to a pointer as follows: p = &function-name; where p is a pointer variable. Through pointer to function, the function is called as follows:

where,...

Accessing of the Variables pointed to by the Pointer 0

Accessing of the Variables pointed to by the Pointer

Accessing of the variable pointed to by the pointer needs to be understood from two angles, i.e., Accessing of normal basic data-type variables Accessing of class-type objects Accessing of normal basic data-type variables: Let us straight-away learn the accessing of normal basic data-type (line int, float, etc.) variables by seeing a simple example as follows:

The statement:

prints the value 20 because *p means the value at the address p. Similarly:

is same as:

Note that if we write the following statement:

this prints the address of x. Similarly the statement:

also prints the...